Argentina Economy Food & Beverage Food & Drinks Food Crisis Latin America South America

This chart examines the rise of food inflation in Latin America

  • According to the FAO, Latin America experienced a food inflation rate of 43.9% in September 2022, whereas the global rate remained below 23%.
  • Venezuela had the highest food inflation rate, while Argentina followed closely behind with a rate of 86.6%.
  • Food inflation disproportionately affects vulnerable populations, particularly lower-income households.

Venezuela had the highest inflation rate for food of Latin America, according to data from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). As of September 2022 (the latest available data), the country saw an increase of 110.4 percent from the same month of 2021. Argentina had the second highest food inflation rate, at 86.6 percent.

The three countries with the lowest food inflation rates for the same period are Bolivia (2.2 percent), Panama (5 percent) and Ecuador (7.1 percent). According to the FAO, average annual food inflation in the region was 43.9 percent in September 2022, while globally it did not exceed 23 percent.

In addition to socio-economic factors on a national basis, the region is also still experiencing the wake of global events. The United Nations Development Programme explains: “More than a year into the conflict between Ukraine and Russia and more than three years into the COVID-19 pandemic, the broad repercussions of these overlapping crises continue to affect societies in Latin America and the Caribbean.”

Food inflation does not affect all citizens in the same way: according to the organization, the most vulnerable populations, including lower-income households, are affected “disproportionately due to their greater budget allocation towards spending on food.”

Source: weforum